" A sterling, highly readable intellectual biography.... Gewen convincingly argues that a full appreciation of Kissinger’s realist philosophy is now more important than ever."—Jessica T. Matthews, Foreign Affairs
About the Book
A new portrait of Henry Kissinger focusing on the fundamental ideas underlying his policies: Realism, balance of power, and national interest.
Few public officials have provoked such intense controversy as Henry Kissinger. During his time in the Nixon and Ford administrations, he came to be admired and hated in equal measure. Notoriously, he believed that foreign affairs ought to be based primarily on the power relationships of a situation, not simply on ethics. He went so far as to argue that under certain circumstances America had to protect its national interests even if that meant repressing other countries’ attempts at democracy. For this reason, many today on both the right and left dismiss him as a latter-day Machiavelli, ignoring the breadth and complexity of his thought.
With The Inevitability of Tragedy, Barry Gewen corrects this shallow view, presenting the fascinating story of Kissinger’s development as both a strategist and an intellectual and examining his unique role in government through his ideas. This book analyzes his contentious policies in Vietnam and Chile, guided by a fresh understanding of his definition of Realism, the belief that world politics is based on an inevitable, tragic competition for power.
Crucially, Gewen places Kissinger’s pessimistic thought in a European context. He considers how Kissinger was deeply impacted by his experience as a refugee from Nazi Germany, and explores the links between his notions of power and those of his mentor, Hans Morgenthau―the father of Realism―as well as those of two other German-Jewish émigrés who shared his concerns about the weaknesses of democracy: Leo Strauss and Hannah Arendt.
The Inevitability of Tragedy offers a thoughtful perspective on the origins of Kissinger’s sober worldview and argues that a reconsideration of his career is essential at a time when American foreign policy lacks direction.
Reviews and What Readers Say
“ Barry Gewen’s elegantly written study of one of the most complex figures of the twentieth century offers an insightful look into what makes Henry Kissinger a unique figure in the history of American foreign relations. The Inevitability of Tragedy also offers a subtly nuanced vision of the nature of international politics that policymakers in the U.S. and abroad would do well to study. ”
—Walter Russell Mead, Distinguished Fellow, Hudson Institute
“ Timely and acute.... A thoughtful rumination on human behavior, philosophy and international relations.”
—John A. Farrell, New York Times Book Review
“ The Inevitability of Tragedy is an intellectually stimulating and thoughtful examination of competing visions of the world and relations among states. It examines these subjects through the prism of the thinking of Henry Kissinger, one of America’s greatest thinkers and writers on those subjects―albeit one whose views, as Barry Gewen explains vividly, are founded on the grim vantage point associated with the Realist school of thinking. As one who strongly endorses the value of what Gewen describes as Dr. Kissinger’s ‘pessimistic sensibility,’ I found this book to be of enormous value at a time when the tectonic plates of global relations are shifting and call for informed, thoughtful, and realistic foreign policy thinkers and practitioners. ”
—General David Petraeus (U.S. Army, Ret.), former commander of the Surge in Iraq and U.S. Central Command, former director of the CIA
“ Surprising, disturbing, beautifully written―a book that upsets easy moralism and cheerful optimism in haunting prose. ”
—David Frum, staff writer, Atlantic
The Inevitability of Tragedy: Henry Kissinger and His World by Barry Gewen
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